Treaty of Peace and Friendship Between Japan and the United States of America

Treaty of Peace and Friendship Between Japan and the United States of America (DRAFT)

 Japan and the United States of America,
 Acting in accordance with the general will of the citizens of the two countries,
 Based upon the ideas of their Constitutions,
 Sharing the views of in the international society that the history of long-lasting antagonism after the Second World War should never be repeated in the international relations,
 Confirming that the principles of the Charter of the United Nations should be fully abided by in international relations in general and in the relationship between Japan and the United States in particular,
 Noting with pleasure that the idea of democracy has increasingly been accepted as the basic principle of political systems in many countries, and determined that it should be widely accepted as a fundamental rule to regulate the international relations,
 Recognizing seriously that the international society is still facing many problems,
 Realizing the important responsibilities both the two citizens and the two countries assume in respecting above-mentioned international principles and solving those problems,
 In order to develop the relationship of peace and friendship between the two countries on a fresh basis,
 Have resolved to conclude a treaty of peace and friendship and for that purpose have appointed as their plenipotentiaries:


 The United States of America:

 Who, having communicated to each other their full powers found to be in good and due form, have agreed upon the following articles:

 Article I


  1.  The contracting parties shall develop relations of perpetual peace and friendship between the two countries on the basis of the principles of mutual respect for sovereignty and territorial integrity, mutual nonaggression, noninterference in each other's internal affairs, equality and mutual benefit, peaceful coexistence, democracy and respect for the fundamental human rights.
  2.  The contracting parties pledge that, in conformity with the foregoing principles and the principles of the Charter of the United Nations, they shall in their mutual relations and in the international relations do their best in order to settle all disputes and problems by peaceful means.
  3.  The Treaty of Mutual Cooperation and Security Between Japan and the United States of America signed at the city of Washington on January 19, 1960, shall expire upon the entering into force of this Treaty.

 Article II

  1.  The contracting parties shall not seek hegemony in the Asia-Pacific region or in any other region and each shall be opposed to efforts by any other country or group of countries to establish such hegemony.
  2.  The contracting parties, facing squarely the reality that most international disputes have resulted from economic, social, cultural, historical, and other various factors, recognize that it is vitally important to solve such disputes before they lead to military confrontation.
     The contracting parties, for these purposes, promise that they shall actively contribute to the international efforts for the peaceful solution of these disputes and for the work of restoration accompanied by them.


 Article III

  1.  The contracting parties, recognizing that the two countries bear an important responsibilities to develop democratic relations and to establish international peace and security in the midst of increasing international mutual dependence, promise that they regulate their economic relations in accordance with the welfare of the whole international society including the peoples of the two countries.
  2.  The contracting parties recognize that the economic relations between advanced countries and developing ones will be more and more important for the sound development of the international economic relations.
     From this standpoint, the contracting parties take cognizance of urgent necessity to reform the systems such as their fundamental reexamination, of existing international institutions including the World Trade Organization, the International Monetary Fund, the World Bank Group including the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, as well as the related institutions of the United Nations, and shall positively contribute to international efforts toward this end from their respective positions.


 Article IV


  •  The present treaty shall not affect the position of either contracting party regarding its relationship with third countries.

 Article V


  1.  The present treaty shall be ratified and shall enter into force on the date of the exchange of instruments of ratification which shall take place at *******. The present treaty shall remain in force for ten years and thereafter shall continue to be in force until terminated in accordance with the provisions of Paragraph 2.


  2.  Either contracting party may, by giving one year's written notice to the other contracting party, terminate the present treaty at the end of the initial ten-year period or at any time thereafter.


 IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the respective plenipotentiaries have signed the presents treaty and have affixed thereto their seals.

 DONE in duplicate in the Japanese and English languages both texts being equally authentic, at ******, this **th day of ****** 19**.



 The English text is an unofficial translation by Yuichi Yoshikawa.