Treaty of Peace and Friendship Between Japan
and the United States of America (DRAFT)
Japan and the United States of America,
Acting in accordance with the general will of the citizens of the
Based upon the ideas of their Constitutions,
Sharing the views of in the international society that the history
of long-lasting antagonism after the Second World War should never be
repeated in the international relations,
Confirming that the principles of the Charter of the United Nations
should be fully abided by in international relations in general and
in the relationship between Japan and the United States in
Noting with pleasure that the idea of democracy has increasingly
been accepted as the basic principle of political systems in many
countries, and determined that it should be widely accepted as a
fundamental rule to regulate the international relations,
Recognizing seriously that the international society is still
facing many problems,
Realizing the important responsibilities both the two citizens and
the two countries assume in respecting above-mentioned international
principles and solving those problems,
In order to develop the relationship of peace and friendship
between the two countries on a fresh basis,
Have resolved to conclude a treaty of peace and friendship and for
that purpose have appointed as their plenipotentiaries:
The United States of America:
Who, having communicated to each other their
full powers found to be in good and due form, have agreed upon the
- The contracting parties shall develop
relations of perpetual peace and friendship between the two
countries on the basis of the principles of mutual respect for
sovereignty and territorial integrity, mutual nonaggression,
noninterference in each other's internal affairs, equality and
mutual benefit, peaceful coexistence, democracy and respect for
the fundamental human rights.
- The contracting parties pledge that, in
conformity with the foregoing principles and the principles of the
Charter of the United Nations, they shall in their mutual
relations and in the international relations do their best in
order to settle all disputes and problems by peaceful
- The Treaty of Mutual Cooperation and
Security Between Japan and the United States of America signed at
the city of Washington on January 19, 1960, shall expire upon the
entering into force of this Treaty.
- The contracting parties shall not seek
hegemony in the Asia-Pacific region or in any other region and
each shall be opposed to efforts by any other country or group of
countries to establish such hegemony.
- The contracting parties, facing squarely the
reality that most international disputes have resulted from
economic, social, cultural, historical, and other various factors,
recognize that it is vitally important to solve such disputes
before they lead to military confrontation.
The contracting parties, for these purposes, promise that they
shall actively contribute to the international efforts for the
peaceful solution of these disputes and for the work of
restoration accompanied by them.
- The contracting parties, recognizing that
the two countries bear an important responsibilities to develop
democratic relations and to establish international peace and
security in the midst of increasing international mutual
dependence, promise that they regulate their economic relations in
accordance with the welfare of the whole international society
including the peoples of the two countries.
- The contracting parties recognize that the
economic relations between advanced countries and developing ones
will be more and more important for the sound development of the
international economic relations.
From this standpoint, the contracting parties take cognizance of
urgent necessity to reform the systems such as their fundamental
reexamination, of existing international institutions including
the World Trade Organization, the International Monetary Fund, the
World Bank Group including the International Bank for
Reconstruction and Development, as well as the related
institutions of the United Nations, and shall positively
contribute to international efforts toward this end from their
- The present treaty shall not affect the
position of either contracting party regarding its relationship
with third countries.
- The present treaty shall be ratified and
shall enter into force on the date of the exchange of instruments
of ratification which shall take place at *******. The present
treaty shall remain in force for ten years and thereafter shall
continue to be in force until terminated in accordance with the
provisions of Paragraph 2.
- Either contracting party may, by giving one
year's written notice to the other contracting party, terminate
the present treaty at the end of the initial ten-year period or at
any time thereafter.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the respective
plenipotentiaries have signed the presents treaty and have affixed
thereto their seals.
DONE in duplicate in the Japanese and English
languages both texts being equally authentic, at ******, this **th
day of ****** 19**.
FOR THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA:
The English text is an unofficial translation by Yuichi Yoshikawa.